Infrared coagulation involves direct
application of infrared waves resulting in closing of
blood supply to the hemorrhoid. It is most applicable to
Grades I and II
Dissadvantages: the method is associated with high rates
of current (direct current or
Direct current- direct current is
applied to hemorrhoids and obliterates hemorhoidal
tissue. The procedure with direct current is usually
eight times longer in comparison with one using bipolar
Success rate is about
70%.It is also known as
bipolar current- it is also known as bipolar diathermy. The
duration of the procedure is up to two minutes per
Hemorrhoid banding is usually the most
A rubber band is placed
around the base of the hemorrhoid and after 3-10 days the
hemorrhoid will fall off.
painless in most cases. Many people require multiple band
placements, but surgery is rarely necessary. Success occurs in
up to 75% of patients.
Disadvantages- it has been reported for
septic complications including death as a consequences of
rubber band ligitation.
Because of the
chance for infection, rubber band ligation is not a good option
for people with immunodeficiencies such as AIDS, transplant
patients and patients on chemotherapy.
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